The statistics are dead serious: one out of three Americans is obese. We’re not talking about being overweight here; we’re talking about being obese, which is way different and more serious. This is based on the recent numbers presented by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Considering that obesity is linked to major diseases, it is only apt that it’s thought to be an epidemic.
Fortunately, there are treatment options available and one of these is weight loss or bariatric surgery, which is a safe and effectual method to lose weight. This treatment doesn’t just end after the operation is performed. It also involves the patient’s cooperation in terms of making lifestyle modifications.
Basically, weight loss surgery decreases your stomach’s size to lessen the quantity of food your body can able to consume. The surgery can also lead to hormonal changes, which can reduce the patient’s appetite and augment his insulin sensitivity as this frequently results in the diminution of diabetes.
A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine states that undergoing bariatric surgery significantly reduces your mortality risk by 40 percent. Also, there are over 200,000 weight loss operations conducted every year.
Doctors always consider one’s body mass index (BMI) first as a factor to determine if weight loss surgery is ideal for a certain patient. People with a BMI over 40, which indicates severe obesity, should think about having the surgery. Those with a BMI between 35 and 40 can also undergo the operation.
People with a BMI between 30 and 35 may also consider bariatric surgery. Doctors essentially try their best to avoid performing the surgery if there are other options, but when lifestyle changes simply don’t make any difference; then weight loss surgery becomes a necessity in order to lower the mortality risk associated with obesity.
With weight loss surgery, there’s more than one way of doing it. It could involve implanting balloons that provisionally hamper the dimension of the stomach. However, this isn’t recommended these days because it was found that once these balloons are gotten rid of, the patients still have the tendency to regain the weight they’ve already lost, making this method futile. Now, doctors usually recommend procedures that cannot be undone.
Presently, about 90 percent of patients get either sleeve gastrectomy or gastric bypass. The former is all about the subtraction of 80 percent of the patient’s stomach so that the appetite significantly lowers and metabolic changes pave the way for the elimination of hormones that heighten one’s appetite.
The latter, on the other hand, involves dividing your stomach and small intestines into two sections. The surgeon then connects the smaller sections together for the purpose of decreasing the quantity of food you can ingest while also reducing the number of calories your intestines can take in.
Sleeve gastrectomy is typically prescribed for patients with a BMI between 35 and 40. This one is similar to gastric bypass, but it doesn’t involve touching your intestines so your digestive system can still absorb calories and nutrients.
Gastric bypass, meanwhile, is often recommended for patients whose obesity are far more severe, or those with a BMI of over 40. Since this procedure entails a part of your intestines segregated from the body’s digestive functions, your stomach tends to take in fewer calories, which increases your risk of nutrient deficiency.
All weight loss surgeries make the use of general anesthesia and most of the patients can leave within 48 hours. It’s also a good thing that most surgeons utilize laparoscopic methods, which only entail tiny incisions and fast recuperation periods. Within a week, patients can resume their normal routines.
Weight loss surgery is one of the safest surgical operations in medicine. Not only it is safe, it is also effectual. Research suggests that undergoing bariatric surgery can result in substantial weight loss for most of the patients who go through it. What’s more is that 80 percent of patients experience better health conditions with their diabetes and other diseases associated with obesity improved or even resolved.